Smoking is one of the major causes of atherosclerosis which is a disease where plaque builds up inside a person’s arteries. The plaque is made up of several things such as; cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances in the blood. Over time the arteries become narrower because of the build up. This causes the flow of oxygen to be reduced throughout the body. Atherosclerosis can lead to coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and death.
Often times people don’t know there is a problem until after they have a heart attack or stroke. The best treatment for atherosclerosis is to quit smoking, healthy eating, and regular physical exercise.